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(Under Construction) This checklist is primarily for papers that follow the experimental sturucture (IntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussion)  most common in the Pure, Applied and Social Sciences. Some items may not be as applicable to Qualitative research papers and Humanities papers. Use your judgement of your own field when using this checklist. I am currently working on making more specific checklists according to each field. Your suggestions are welcome.  adam.turner@gmail.com

ABSTRACT 

Download Abstract Checklist

 • The abstract is the correct number of words. ___
• I have followed the guidelines for authors. ___
• My abstract gives enough information for the person to understand the key points even if a person never reads the whole article. ___
• The main KEYWORDS or INDEX WORDS are contained in the title AND abstract. ___
• Are there any abbreviations in your abstract that are not spelled? Should they be?
• I do not evaluate or criticize the work of others directly in the abstract. I only describe my own research or the field in general. ___
 • I did not directly refer to other papers with references in my abstract (not required in an abstract). ___
 • I briefly described the research methods used in the paper. ___
• I did not copy and paste any of the sentences from the paper directly into the abstract—especially the first two sentences of the introduction. ___
• There are no weak verbs such as “discuss”, or “examine”, or unclear terms such as “various methods”. I have said exactly what I researched.
• My abstract has the same general shape as the whole paper. Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. The abstract is relatively balanced in length with regard to these sections. ___
• I have specifically stated the exact results, implications and/or importance of the findings. ___
• I understand the differences between conference abstracts and abstracts for different types of journal papers in my field: review papers, letters, short papers etc. ___

INTRODUCTION

I have you included all of the key references in my field related to this research issue. _

It is clear why my research is necessary and what contribution it is making to my field._

I show exactly how I have provided a solution to a problem or made a contribution to the literature of your field?__

I not only summarize and categorize, but analyze, synthesize and evaluate the previous literature in my field.__

I use a variety of ways of introducing quotations and citations within my sentences.__

I use a variety of verbs to introduce your direct quotations or references.__

METHODS

I explained any special criteria for choosing any special materials/equipment. ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­___

I have examined the use of passive and active sentence structure in a paper in my field. I understand that active sentence structure is used when the researcher wants to demonstrate their own decision-making or their own choice of method while passive sentences are used for routine procedures or sentences where the subject is not important.___

I have provided enough information so that another researcher could replicate (do) the same experiment with the same results.  (This is not always possible in many fields these days but it is a worthwhile goal in science) ____

I justified and explained any uncommon or unusual methods I used. ____

My Method section format matches that of my model paper: short passive sentences mainly describing procedures or a longer method section that justifies the choices.___

I not only describe the procedure but I explain the reasons for my methods where necessary using sentences beginning with “To …” or “In order to…” ___

Results

I clearly highlight and attempt to explain any interesting or significant results. I do not merely describe all of the results, but interpret the important results for the reader.__

I have mentions whether my results support or differ from previous research in the field. If they differ I have attempted to explain why. This may also be part of the discussion section. __

Identify whether your results section simply describes the results or if the author comments on and interprets the data. Examine the data and try to determine why such comments were made. ______

Discussion

I have noted any problems with the methods or data.
 I note the implications of these problems and how they might affect the validity of my conclusions.__

I have explained why my results differ from previous research if applicable.__

I have quantified, if possible, or given the exact results that I have achieved.____

I have analyzed the structure of papers in my field to show the relationship between the results, discussion and conclusion sections. Short papers may have the three sections mixed together, for example. http://www.languages.ait.ac.th/EL21DISC.HTM  ___

Identify whether your results section simply describes the results or if the author comments on and interprets the data. Examine the data and try to determine why such comments were made. ______

I have identified and clearly explained the importance of the findings. ____

I have mentioned some possible areas for further research, the importance of the findings or the implications and possible applications of the research. ______

I have mentioned any problems with the methods or data. ______

I have mentions whether my results support or differ from previous research in the field. If they differ I have attempted to explain why.__


The  checklists are based on the  material on the parts of the Research Paper  in the following pages:

ABSTRACT

http://hanyangwriting.tripod.com/abstract/

INTRODUCTIONS

 http://hanyangwriting.tripod.com/introductions/

METHODS

 http://hanyangwriting.tripod.com/methods

RESULTS

 http://hanyangwriting.tripod.com/results

DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION

 http://hanyangwriting.tripod.com/discussion



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