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Parallel structure

READ this site briefly:
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_parallel.html

To fix parallel clause problems:

Step 1 Locate sentences which include a list.
Step 2 Circle the items in the list, especially the verbs.
Step 3 Make sure that the items look similar in shape (all with ing for example). If they dont look closer for the part of speech of each one.
Step 4 If in doubt, read the sentence out loud. Sentences that are not parallel often sound strange to the ear.

Tips: Circle the punctuation mark in a list. It should be a colon:

Practice: The dictionary can be used for these purposes:
to find
word meanings, pronunciations, correct spellings, and looking up irregular verbs.

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_parallel.html


Pronoun Reference/ Agreement
Skim your paper. Stop at danger words such as It, This, That, These, and They.
See if you can immediately find the nouns it refers to. If it takes you more than a couple of seconds it is possibly unclear.

For reference:
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_pronuse.html

Dont forget to use summary nouns to improve your writing. http://hanyangwriting.tripod.com/paragraph/index.html

Parallel form
TASK: Take this quiz http://www.io.com/~hcexres/cgi-bin/exer1.cgi?frameset=on&exertitle=Parallelism&exertext=../tcm1603/acchtml/paralbank.txt

If it is difficult read this page:
http://www.io.com/~hcexres/tcm1603/acchtml/gram2.html#paral


Fragments

TASK:
Take this quiz.
http://ccc.commnet.edu/cgi-shl/quiz.pl/fragments_quiz.htm

If you have any incorrect answers refer to the following pages. http://ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/fragments.htm

 

How to fix fragments.

 

Step 1  Circle the subordinators of the sentence.

 Examples: after, even though, although, because, if, since, unless, when, while

 

Step 2  Count the number of clauses in the sentence. If there is only one, you have a fragment.

 

Run on sentences
There are four ways to fix run on sentences.
http://ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/indep_clauses.htm

Run-on sentences

Dangling Participles

This type of structure is often found in academic writing.

 

TASK: Rewrite this sentence.

 After reading the original study, the article remains unconvincing.

 

Refer to this site for the answer: 


The Sentence Editing

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These links have some good editing and proofreading advice

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/general/gl_proof.html

http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/proofread.html

A useful Editing checklist full of links to common problems
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/composition/checklist
http://www.io.com/~hcexres/tcm1603/acchtml/hirevov.html

Proofreading
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/general/gl_proof.html
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/composition/editing.htm#checklist
http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/proofread.html

Review these sites next time you are writing a paper
http://groups.msn.com/HanyangEnglish/searchengines.msnw
http://groups.msn.com/HanyangEnglish/computerediting.msnw

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